Conjugate One- Team -
Technology Breakthru Summaries:
Implosive / conjugate fractal- concepts to cohere the vacuum for zero point energy-
from Breakthru Physics- To Commercial Breakthu Engineering:
1. A self-resonant implosive over unity battery charger:
Tesla Switch- Self Resonant- Series Parallel - OverUnity Battery Charging:
The story of the Tesla battery recharging circuit begins with the man himself. Nikola Tesla discovered a way of treating electrochemical batteries as if they were electrolytic capacitors--keeping them in a resonant circuit, while recognizing the differences between batteries and capacitors. The circuit itself was developed around the time of the charge shuttle oscillator (CSO) circuit, and has some common elements that are shared with both. In the CSO, the charges are shuttled back and forth providing a charge on a second set of plates through electrostatic induction. In the Tesla switch, it is the batteries themselves that are switched, with one bank acting as a receiver in parallel, and another pair in series as the charger for the other two. The two in series produce enough EMF to jolt the two in parallel to produce a charging effect. Then the configuration is switched, with the ones that were providing the charging current now receiving a charge from the other two now in series. The frequency is also critical, with an optimum switching frequency being 400 Hz. This frequency is also mentioned in the Bearden video "The Lost Unified Field Theory of James Clerk Maxwell" as being the optimum pump frequency for a phase conjugate mirror, and calculated for longitudinal-gravitational interactions in my book "Glimpses of Epiphany".
Later, the technology was released to third parties, and later passed on to John Bedini. John experimented with the tech noting that it worked best when the load was as heavy as possible, close to a short circuit, and could charge the batteries while exhibiting a COP ranging from 1.17-12.5. The COP was better with heavier loading.
Later, Ron Cole redesigned the circuit using one battery and two capacitors. Why not use all capacitors? It seems it is difficult to run electrolytics, essentially overdriving them, for any length of time without internal chemical breakdown occurring. Also the system seems to depend on a chemical reaction as well--so metallized poly caps and barium titanate supercaps will not work. Also, capacitors and batteries differ in that you can hook up two batteries in series without significantly changing their discharge curve, but if you put two caps in series you cut the capacitance in half, and thus their discharge curve will change along with that. So an all-capacitor Tesla switch will not completely charge up the two in parallel, and the circuit will run down. The same is true with RLC tank oscillators--unless an external source of energy is present, the circuit will tend to run down due to phonon scattering events in the wire that will dissipate the potential in the system. One alternative is to supply the circuit with a current free potential which is above and beyond the dissipation thus raising the COP above 1.0. This is covered in our electret project.
Bedini and Cole never used super low on-state resistance devices that exist today that are in the milliohm range, and that is one route. Another are radiolytically doped devices that would re-cohere the phonon scattering events, or provide an electron avalanche effect as is detailed in the late Paul Brown's work on direct radioisotopic energy conversion and Henry Moray's devices. In fact, Moray's switching devices are claimed to have negative on-state resistances due to this effect.
Better batteries would also be a good toward advancing the technology. Lithium ion batteries have not been tried yet to our knowledge, and are a good candidate. In fact, any battery with low on-state resistance would be on the list.
At the Implosion Group, we feel honored to pick up the torch and carry on the legacy of such giants as Nikola Tesla, Henry Moray, Paul Brown, John Bedini and others to bring this technology into the 21st Century and beyond.
2. Tesla Charge Shuttle Oscillator (CSO) - new insight and approach - constructed by Conjugate One Team:
Our electric engineering model- shows clearly why this would be overunity- cohering the vacuum. The insight that the field effect in it's normal symmetry is actually octahedral/ quadra-pole- beautifully fits how PHASE CONJUGATE wave mechanics work.
Very little data has been found on the Tesla CSO, as he apparently went from this to the Tesla Switch for battery charging. Barett, in his paper, notes that it is a complex system of shuttling charges back and forth from a series of capacitor plates to induce a change in the charge of plates on the other side due to electrostatic induction. This theory coincides with standard electrical engineering practices. However, when the plates were constructed consisting of one pair of split plates above and below another pair of un-split plates (looking like an I-Ching hexaram), an odd effect occurred: when the inner plates were charged with a DC potential, the outer plates experienced charge separation, showing a discreet positive and negative potential on the two plates. This lead to the conclusion that the electric field is indeed a quadropole and not a dipole as is taught in electrical engineering. The dipolar appearance is the mean average of the phenomenon, and under special circumstances the electric field can exhibit pure quadropolar effects, minimizing the appearance of the dipole. This has enormous ramifications in the understanding of Floyd (Sparky) Sweet's devices, and other "free" energy devices that show anomalous operation. Sparky was also the one that claimed that he found that the magnetic field had a quadropolar component as well, which makes sense. This is also corroborated in the work of Albert Roy Davis in his book "Magnetism and it's Effects on the Living System".
What is needed now is a synthesis between the old and new Physics and electrical engineering. Serendipity breaks the rules, and causes a re-shuffling of priorities, and this is very much the case now. The math model for a great many devices will have to be reworked to account for the new observations and we are on a threshold of a new understanding for electromagnetics. Does this also lead toward a unified field theory? Perhaps...or at least to an integration of different theories and an understanding of anomalous behaviour.
Our team here of Dan Winter, Paul Harris and Bill Donavan with a large circle of consultants that span several continents all over the world are up to the challenge of the synthesis of a new electromagnetics and what lies beyond.
Retuning the over unity Tesla Charge Shuttle Oscillator- to what we now know are the optimized phase conjugating coherence frequency signature:
3. - Crystal Battery Circuit
Crystal Cell- Permanent Implosive Battery Project- approach from Conjugate One Team..
- The premise of the crystal cell is a chemical compound that has an internal bias due to dissimilar metals on either side. This produces the impetus for polarizing the media, that once polarized, will ouput a steady-state voltage and current that is produced through the action of both a reversible chemical reaction and quantum tunneling effect internal to the unit. This has some elements in common with the electret, which is why we researced this concept for comparison purposes, and to investigate whether or not it was indeed viable.
We also studied- the Laserhacker site as recommended by one of our associates Maurice Bey, and noted the chemicals needed along with the procedures for constructing the cells. We chose copper conduit with an ID of 15 mm, and magnesium water heater rod for the central electrode. For spacers, ABS rings were made on the 3D printer, and adjusted for a press-fit into the cylinders. The material changed into a slurry which bubbled after mixing, and stabilized after 24-48 hours. Voltages varied from a low of 0.9 volts to 1.7, nearly double using the same mix and electrode materials.
We continued the testing for 3 months, and noted a consistent drop in the current density under load, which also meant an associated drop in energy density. This was consistent with the reports of other researchers in their cells. Once stabilized at a mean voltage of 0.9 to 1.2, the output remained less than 10 mA, about 1/15th of a typical dry cell battery, and a much higher internal resistance. The overall energy density was not higher than the dry cell battery when averaged over a 2 month period. After 3 months, the cells appeared to be discharged--the chemicals were green in appearance due to saturation of copper ions, and a whitish coating appeared on the magnesium center electrode. The output was less than 1 mA, and the LED load was very dim, with less than a milliwatt generated.
To determine whether or not the action was zero-point related or purely chemical, we placed some test cells in a freezer. If the action were zero-point in nature then there would be no significant drop in output. The voltage dropped to zero, and the cells ceased to function. We therefore concluded that these are indeed low-energy density chemical batteries with no reversible chemical reaction.
Thus far among others- who have tried this Tesla inspired approach, Marcus Reid is the only one that claims an indefinite lifespan for his cells. Altho the chemistry test- would indicate appropriate- as far as we know - a freeze test for his cells has not been done, and any details on the chemical composition has not been released.
For the other cells, a thorough re-formulation is needed to stabilize the output, and decrease internal resistance. However, if this is done one still has the problem associated with degradation of the chemical components. Another test can be done applying varnish to the electrodes and determining if there is any tunneling effect at all, but due to the units failing the freeze test, that does not show promise.
Our team of Dan Winter, Paul Harris and Bill Donavan and their unique skill set of electrical engineering and chemistry stands ready for the challenge of creating the next generation of energy cell, integrating the research of Hutchinson, Tesla, Bedini, Brown and others.
Image -Conjugate One- Crystal Cell approach
An “Implosive Battery that never needs charging”.
Engineering- Bill Donavan, Intro- from Dan Winter
Altho a battery that never runs out sounds like disobedience to the laws of physics, in fact a pine cone is a form of this invention. Pine cones- are a layered or ‘phase conjugate’ capacitor – similar to a chicken egg actually- where both of them have one interesting almost magical electrical quality. If you measure from top to bottom with a hi impedance volt meter- you will generally see about 4-14 milivolts. That amount of power is available not because of some battery like chemical reaction within the pine cone- instead it is more like a solid state- capacitor- with its voltage potential somehow frozen into its molecular geometry. It is rather that a certain kind of capacitance- namely conjugate or implosive- has the capability in the right (centripetal) geometry to cohere the vacuum. Which is to say- to suck in inertia from the surrounding vacuum- by presenting to that vacuum a charge geometry which is implosive and self organizing ( in exactly the same way electrically – in which optical conjugation is more well known to self organize optically).
The point is that the essential concept which predicts there are forms of capacitance which are self charging is actually well predicted by life itself!
Another point to be made about self organizing or implosive capacitance- which forms a permanent source of energy from the vacuum itself- is that expressions of this engineering are well documented to have succeeded in the past (Nicola Tesla – especially- but more recently – John Hutchinson). What has been missing up to now- is state of the art electrical engineering to actually predict how efficient these devices will be, and to calculate precisely how amazing the energy output will be in ratio to the input. With the genius of our lead engineer Bill Donavan you can see in the attached spreadsheet- the equation based calculations- which show the dramatic output to input ratio (COP- coefficient of efficiency)- when the dielectric quality increases. This deep electrical engineering physics is what differentiates Bill from other engineers who have attempted permanent dielectrics.
What physics has been slow to realize is that when dielectric quality in capacitance increases to a certain point (much more available now with modern dielectrics) – that by definition vacuum coherence is achieved! It becomes self cohering ( a form of self reference or non-destructive self-reentry, very profound).
What we present here is simple- 3 different powerful parallel mutually supportive technology paths which we can predict with high reliability- will produce a proof of concept of a permanent battery capacitor. Literally an implosive capacitor which will be a permanent source of energy from the vacuum. This technology will change everything about energy we have ever known. Once the smallest proof of concept is realized the implications for scaling up – to large scale- are easy, inexpensive and definitely world changing.
(Introduction to background physics- wave mechanics of centripetal / phase conjugate electrical forces-
paper from Bill and Dan – and Martin our mathematician:
Project 1: Electret Power Generation System
This system consists of using the current-free potential inside of the electret (a capacitor dielectric which has been placed in a high voltage DC field, and has that field “frozen” inside its molecular structure) and using that to add to the potential already in the circuit, acting as a voltage amplifier in the system. As an example, for one application, the electrets are placed in pairs in a resonant tank circuit, with bypass schottky diodes across each. Each diode is connected so that one electret is bypassed in the system. The reason for this is that when both electrets are connected together, the effective DC bias in the devices causes it to sum zero for both halves of the cycle. The diodes constitute a DSL (diode switching logic) system, effectively shunting one device for half of the cycle, breaking the symmetry of the system. This project is in theoretical phase only, and we expect to see the results on the bench as soon as the devices are constructed.
Description of Operation
The electrets are connected in series with the external power supply. If, for example, the electrets are charged with a 1200 VDC polarizing potential, then the remnant, which is normally 1% of the impressed voltage, is 12 volts. This is not a real voltage, as it is pure phi dot, and voltage per se is a piece of this phi dot welded to a real charge, q in a vectorial relationship, that is, in translation through the circuit. So the challenge is to take the phi dot that is already existing in the current flow, and add to it the phi dot of the dielectric in there as a trapped localized potential. So let’s see how this would work. We have an input of 2 volts peak to peak. It is input into the circuit, and goes into the electret, which is really just a capacitor with a dielectric that has a permanent bias on it. The dielectric has inside it, a trapped potential of 12 volts (for convenience we are calling it “voltage”, even though rigorously it is not). The 2 volts has added to it 12, for a total of 14 volts. Now this is real voltage. However, we have not amplified the current. It is a normal reactive current as usually seen in capacitors. We have attached to the other side of the electret, the side with the higher potential, a one ohm load. This load draws 14 amperes. The load running on this reactive product of 14 amps times 14 volts is 196 VARs. Now we have to watch our terminology. This is not real current, so we cannot call it “watts”. On the other side, before the electret, it sees the same current of 14 amperes, however, it is at 2 volts, so on that side it’s 28 VARs. The COP of the system is VARs in to VARs out, or 196 divided by 28, or a COP of 7.0. Now the COP can vary depending on the trapped potential inside the dielectric of the electret. The higher the magnitude of phi dot, or the lower the input voltage, the higher will be the COP. For example, if the trapped potential is 1200 volts, and the input voltage is 1, then the COP will be 1200. The lifetime for the trapped potential determines the lifetime of the device. That has yet to be determined.
Materials and Equipment Needed
For polarization, this experiment will need a high voltage supply and high voltage diodes to provide the DC needed. Parts t construct the high voltage supply can consist of a neon sign transformer for the high voltage AC (1200-12,000 V), which runs $200-$300, four high voltage diodes configured into a bridge rectifier, $10 each, for a total of $40.00 for the bridge, $100 for 1 kg nano barium titanate, and $50.00 for 1kg of sodium silicate. For the capacitor plates, we can use 1 mm thick copper. For 10 cm diameter plates, this will be $10.00 each, for a total of $40.00 to construct two devices. A surface voltmeter is already available, and is not included in this price. So the total cost for constructing the units is: $530.00. Test equipment will consist of a Sinometer MS8230B multimeter, and Labtech surface electrometer.
Once the proof of concept is done, there will be three phases for development:
Incorporation of the concept into both small-scale and large scale development. Small scale will include potting and integration into small-scale units to replace conventional batteries. To start, one would “boot” the batteries by putting them into a proprietary energizer, which provides a pulse to start the system safely. One that is done, the battery is placed into the holder, and provides power until shutdown. A small pressure sensitive switch on the side of the “battery” breaks the connection with the internal LC tank circuit and shuts the system down for storage. Also, the unit can have an internal timer, so if there is no demand for a week or so, automatic shutdown occurs. Alternatively, a sleep mode can be integrated into the batteries, so if one needed the batteries to remain active for long periods of time, for example an emergency flashlight, it would go quiescent until a demand is sensed, and then an internal boot is initiated. This would make the power cells resistant to EMP damage.
Larger scale on Phase 1 will include power cells that have a larger capacity, with the same dimensions of a gel cell. These can also be ganged in series for higher voltage, to provide power for inverter units. Unless one took apart the gel cell, they would never know that it was anything other than a conventional battery. Another implementation of this technology would be the incorporation of these devices directly into inverters. It would provide a source of high voltage AC without the need of external power cells. However, it would have a small cell within it to boot the system. These inverters will have a capacity of 2.5 to 20 KW. They will be rated for residential use only, and will be competitively priced into the inverter market.
This phase will be intermediate scale commercial. Systems will be modular, with the capacity of 125 KW per unit. The primary difference between this and the residential unit is the commercial modules will be three-phase. Eight units will comprise a megawatt generator. As with the other systems, black boxes and safety protocols will be incorporated. Internal voltage regulation will be used. it.
This phase will be a scaling-up of the intermediate scale unit. This one is large scale, with a capacity of 1MW per module. These are built for large-scale consumers of electricity- locomotives, aircraft, cruise ships, submarines, and possibly spacecraft. It is designed to run uninterrupted, however a shutdown mode with a soft ramp down is incorporated to prevent EMP surges into the load. Price for a single module will be competitive with the market, and in parity with the Phase 2 unit at $300,000.00. Multiple units can be ganged together for increased power, so for example if a community wanted to expand their capacity, they merely plug another unit into the system instead of building another power plant.
Project #2: Superconductive Electret & Room Temperature Metallized Electret
2A: Superconductive Electret
In this embodiment, an electret is constructed from YBCO powder, and placed in an acoustic field at the same time a high DC polarizing voltage is applied across the face of the device. At maximum polarization, the device is sintered in a high pressure press, and allowed to cool and stabilize. The device is then placed in a dewar of liquid nitrogen, and measurements are again taken to see if the electric field is quenched at low temperatures. There is nothing in the textbooks or standard model that prevents this from taking place. If, in processing, a 1200 volt field is used, then the anticipated remnant voltage (1%) will be 12 volts. If this voltage is stable, then when the superconductive transition takes place it will cause the internal resistance to go from approximately one gigohm to maximally .001 ohms. This means that when superconductive transition takes place, the output will rise from nanoamperes to a potential 12,000 amperes output, with a maximum of 144 Kw per cell. However, in practice the unit as a ceramic superconductor has a limit of 50 amperes per square centimeter, so a cell with an area of 10 square centimeters would have a limit of 500 amperes. This would give us a maximum of 6KW capacity for a typical cell. These cells can be stacked to increase voltage, so 20 cells would yield 240 volts at 120 KW. As long as they are kept inside the dewar in a liquid nitrogen bath, they would continue to superconduct. After proof of concept, three phases would be pursued:
Phase 1: Commercialization of the first cell. A compact dewar with a cryostat to recycle the liquid nitrogen is used. Power consumption is anticipated in the 300-500 watt range for cooling depending on environmental demands. This is used in portable applications as well as home use. The power cell can conceivably be used in electric vehicles as well for unlimited range. Use in marine applications is anticipated as well.
Phase 2: Commercial on-site generation. Units are custom-fit to the client in 120 KW increments. Each “stack” is in its own separate dewar chamber, for a maximum of 10 stacks. Those stacks are fed into an industrial inverter with a 1MW capacity at 240-480 volts. Since the cooling and inverter losses will amount to nearly 200 KW of internal dissipation, the output is rated as 1MW. Safety systems monitor the condition of the independent cells and stacks, and disconnects the load in the event of overload, or if environmental conditions threaten the integrity of the system, such as the container submerged in water for a period of time, or a proximity of a forest fire or earthquake violating the integrity of the container. A black box is used to broadcast the error codes to a central office, and technicians are dispatched.
2B: Room-Temperature Metalized Electret
In this embodiment, two alloys are selected that are electropositive and electronegative. These alloys are formulated with a dopant that causes the compound to have a positive temperature coefficient with temperature. A sufficiently high resistance in a molten state allows for easy polarization without eddy current losses. Polarization is accomplished through a pulsed DC power supply, thus “hammering” the molten alloys into organized motion along the potential axis. Induced frequency can be either at the molecular resonant, or phonon resonant frequencies for the material. Once polarization is achieved through testing with a surface electrometer, one of two methods are used for “freezing” the polarization in place.
1) The voltage is slowly ramped down as the temperature is lowered. Once the cell reaches ambient temperature, the unit is again checked with the surface electrometer in open circuit mode, as well as with a voltmeter.
2) The voltage is kept constant, and the cell is immersed in a liquid nitrogen bath. Once the cell solidifies, the source polarization voltage is cut. This results in a cell with an amorphous structure, however more of the polarization is locked into the structure.
Provided either or both methods are effective, then the cell will be tested. If the remnant polarization is the same as other electrets, then we can expect approximately 1% of the impressed voltage to express across the device. If, for example, we have an impressed polarization voltage of 1200 VDC, then the remnant will be 12 volts potential across the cell. If the low temperature resistance is 0.1 ohms (anticipated), then we will have a maximum of 120 amperes at 12 volts, or 1440 watts. This will be the device’s surge capacity. If this draw is maintained for any length of time, the unit will overheat and depolarize, especially if constructed with eutectic alloys. A de-rating capacity of 100 watts per cell is far more practical. Twenty of such cells in series can provide 240 VDC at 2000 watts. If the typical cell thickness is one inch, then the stack will be 24 inches in height. Five such units in parallel would provide 10 KW, which would be enough for a home power unit.
Advantages/Disadvantages over Superconductive Unit:
The advantages of this protocol are these: Much cheaper materials, substituting Yttrium Barium Copper Oxide with low cost alloys combined with dopants, typically small amounts of rare earth materials for expediting the polarization process. Ease of handling, as liquid nitrogen is not needed, and safety protocols associated with deep cold are not needed.
The disadvantages are lower power density, and a need for cooling if the unit is undersized for the load.
Two paths are anticipated for phase 1. One path is single-cell, low power demand units for remote locations and portable devices, such as laptops, cell phones, portable lamps, and office equipment. The other path is equipment and appliances that require larger power and/or voltage. Power packs can be engineered for such items as vacuum cleaners, mowers, snow blowers, and built inside café tables for plugging items not yet equipped with the system into them. A home power system is also possible with this phase.
As with the superconductive version, this will be a commercial application. Units are custom-fit to the client in 120 KW increments. Each “bundle” is in its own separate cooling system, for a maximum of 60 stacks. This is for redundancy. Ten bundles are fed into an industrial inverter with a 1MW capacity at 240-480 volts. In this case the cooling and inverter losses will amount to nearly 20 KW of internal dissipation, so the output is rated as 1MW. Safety systems monitor the condition of the independent cells and stacks, and disconnects the load in the event of overload, or if environmental conditions threaten the integrity of the system, such as the container submerged in water for a period of time, or a proximity of a forest fire or earthquake violating the integrity of the container. A black box is used to broadcast the error codes to a central office, and technicians are dispatched.
Community or City power plant: as each shipping container is it’s own self-contained system, with redundant systems inside those, this is a cube consisting of ten shipping containers on a side, for a total capacity of 1200 MW. The individual containers are networked with a central control station that monitors the systems, as each individual container monitors its own subsystems. It is anticipated as the decentralized systems gain popularity, that community power plants will be in decreasing demand, except in highly industrialized or population dense areas.
10C: Crystal Electret Grown in A High-Potential Field
In this embodiment, suggested by the work of Jerry Gallimore, a crystal is grown in a high potential field that aligns the molecular structure with the field. This would necessitate that the makeup of the crystal be bipolar, and that the orientation be consistent with the vector of the field. One other requirement would be conductivity. The crystal should be conductive enough to output a reasonable amount of power without ohmic heating compromising the operation. In the previous embodiment (10B), internal resistance is a critical issue. It is the same with this one, and an excessive heat build-up can destroy or shatter the crystal matrix. There are two sub-categories:
1) Non-conductive high-dielectric crystal: This one has a higher dielectric constant than the epoxy or glass amorphous electret. A higher dielectric constant means more capacitance, and less surface area for the same current flow, as 1/(2(pi) FC) applies here for capacitive reactance. A frequency limit would apply as well, as the crystal would tend to “ring” at a characteristic resonant frequency, and would be cut to those dimensions for each cross-sectional slice. If, for example, the dielectric constant is 8500 or higher, for a barium titanate crystal grown in the field, and the thickness were .001 inches per section with an area of 1 square inch, then the formula C=(.2235 KA/d) n-1 would apply, with K being the dielectric constant, A being the area in square inches, d the distance between the plates in inches, and n being the number of plates. C would represent the capacitance in picofarads. This would be 1,899,750 picofarads, or 1.899 microfarads per slice. If the resonant frequency were 2 MHz, then the capacitive reactance would be .0419 ohms. At a theoretical 1 volt per cell, this gives us 23.86 VARs, or 1 volt at 23.86 amps. A stack of 120 such cells in series will yield 120 volts at 23.86 amps, or 2863 VARs. If the connecting electrodes are .010” thick, this makes each individual cell .021” in thickness, and the entire stack 2.52” thick.
2) Conductive Low-dielectric crystal: This is distinctive from the metalized electret, as that one used a metallic amorphous structure, but subjected to a high potential field during solidification. This one is not only limited to metals, but goes further: we take a compound that easily crystallizes, but that has a high conductivity (which is also bipolar), and grow the crystal inside a high potential field. This permanently locks the polarizing field inside the crystal matrix and becomes part of it. The actual resistance of the crystal will depend on the material selection and the stability of the matrix. This will act as a DC “battery”. However, if the crystal is set to “ring”, either with the application of a magnetic field to push it into a local magnetostrictive mode, or an acoustic resonance mode, then the crystal will produce pulsating DC that can be more easily transformed into other forms of current.
Both forms can be traced to prior art in the work of Jerry Gallimore as well as Thomas Townsend Brown, who in his later years worked on the flip side of the Biefield-Brown effect that he nicknamed “Rock Petroelectricity”. Brown noted that certain rocks would develop a permanent DC potential In the presence of a gravity field, and centrifuging the rock samples at several times the natural gravity potential would increase this effect, showing a link between gravity and centrifugal force.
Development of this crystalline version would follow the same protocols as the other electret power sources, with the phases being similar.
However, the difference is that it is anticipated that this will require a crystal growing lab, and one with quite specific equipment for the growth of crystals inside a high potential field. Both variants, 1&2, will need this protocol. The cost for this has yet to be determined, as this needs to be designed specific to this experiment.
One possibility that also has yet to be studied is the production of negative power and energy from an artificial barium titanate crystal grown in a high potential field. Such a crystal will produce a phase conjugate replica of the longitudinal phonon wave that causes the propagation of the free electrons through a conductor. This wave will be in negative time, and thus will produce effects similar to the currents from Floyd (Sparky) Sweet and Henry Moray. These currents were negentropic, and when a massive arc discharge was made, there would be a brilliant blue-white flash, and the ends of the wires would freeze over. It produced cooling effects in resistive heaters, and a different color in fluorescent and other discharge tubes. The currents had a regenerative effect.
Project #3: Implosion Electret
This device is based upon two effects:
1) Breaking symmetry inside a capacitor with two differing permittivities, causing a “piling up” of the electric field potential inside the interior, core capacitor, similar to the deceleration of an ocean wave leading to a tsunami on shore.
2) Electrostatic induction inside the unit, such that there is a stepping down of potential, but with an increased permittivity causing a higher capacitance, a lower capacitive reactance and a therefore lower overall impedance at any given frequency (1/ (2*Pi(FC)).
The origins of this device can be traced back to the experiments of Nikola Tesla, who at that time was handicapped by materials with a low permittivity compared to today. He is the developer of the A.C. power transmission system used worldwide today, and is considered to have advanced electromagnetic theory a little farther than we currently have it, as he used quaternion math instead of the very limited Heaviside version. In more recent times, Naudin and Hutchinson have experimented with similar configurations. However, the difference here is in the math modeling and material selections, as well as phonon wave propagation through the dielectric.
To provide this broken symmetry two methods are used: 1) a dimensional differential between the gaps of the interior and exterior capacitors. This differential must be on the order of a 2:1 ratio or greater. In the POC 10:1 is used. 2) a differential in permittivities. A minimum for this is 10:1 before a COP greater than 1.0 is achieved. The actual COP is an effective 10:1 ratio of the differences of permittivities after that, so an inner cap with a “K” of 100 and an outer of 1 will have a COP of 10.0.
Advantages Of This System
The advantages are simplicity and ruggedness. In the other embodiments, overheating will tend to cause depolarization and immediate device failure. In this embodiment, the dielectric is temporarily polarized by the external field, and is therefore not susceptible to depolarization. The other advantage is cost. This system will be far cheaper than 1 or 2, and will most likely be the first one under development. Without the expense of the YBCO that has costs for raw material at thousands of Euros per kilogram, the profit margin will be greater. One other factor is ease of assembly and safety. Without liquid nitrogen for cooling, this embodiment will be less vulnerable to catastrophic failure. And lacking the need for a dewar vessel for containment, it will be less fragile.
POC Proof of Concept. This unit is anticipated to generate approximately 10-11 VARs with an input of less than 1 VAR. Spreadsheet analysis indicates that barium titanate or CCT (copper calcium titanate), the material used in the current generation of super or ultra capacitors will be a suitable material. This is in the process of acquisition.
After POC, the next step is production of 100 such cells ganged together. This will result in an output of 1000 VAR with an input of 100 VAR. At a density of 16 cells per inch, this assembly will be 6 inches long. The next version will be the dimensions of a typical automotive battery with a 2000 VAR output. It has been estimated that this power output is the most flexible as a modular design.
Time frame for development of Phase 1 will be 6 months. An overall cost for this, including cost of materials and salaries of technicians, is anticipated in the neighborhood of 45,000 Euros.
This will complete phase 1 development.
This will scale the system both up and downwards. Phase 2 will include both 1 megawatt systems as well as less than 1 KW for applications in both laptops as well as cell phones. Phase 2 costs are expected to be in the order of 100,000 Euros for the scale-down, and a larger amount for the 1 megawatt POC. Minimum size for miniaturization will be for permanent hearing aid battery replacements. Replacements for grid tie power plants can use the 1 megawatt units ganged or networked together. For example, a cube of 10x10x10 1 megawatt units built into shipping containers will yield 1000 MW. This will be temporary, as a move toward decentralization will cause obsolescence of these systems with homes generating their own power.
Time frame for Phase 2 will be 1-2 years. This will be spent primarily in development of scale up and down of both systems, and building the infrastructure of the production plants.
All 3 systems offer great benefits in that they are solid-state, with substantial power densities that rival conventional systems, and environmentally friendly. They are also low cost, and Project #3 will be competitive with petrol based and fuel cell generation systems.
All systems represent “disruptive technologies”, in that they threaten to replace a dirty, obsolete petroleum based energy paradigm. Security for the project in later phases will be critical, as that is when industrial espionage targets competitive technologies for destruction.
The developers of this knowledge will leave a legacy behind of a step taken toward clean energy and benign technology. It will be in the footsteps of Nikola Tesla and others who have given us quantum leaps in our standard of living. It is the difficult path that leads to the best vistas and is the most rewarding.